Environmental degradation and depletion of ecosystems are serious issues of our time
Mythmakers, climate and reality orientation
Scientific skepticism is healthy. Researchers should always challenge themselves to improve their understanding. But climate deniers are not there. With weak roots in scientific facts they throw out allegations, speculations and unfounded criticism of evidence supporting anthropogenic global warming.
Make 2015 a climate year – on our way to Paris
We cannot continue the irresponsible habits we have now. Our house is on fire, and our leaders – the politicians – respond by squabbling about who shall pay for using the fire extinguisher . The more we delay, the more we pay
Over to renewables
Who benefits from a continuation of the oil age? Who is willing to risk our children’s and grandchildren’s future for short-term profit? Who opposes a rapid transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy? Is anthropogenic global warming and war two sides on the same coin?
Make 2014 the climate year!
Ban Ki-Moon invites the world to a climate summit for action in 2014. The UN needs popular support for this quest. Let’s be realistic and demand the “impossible”. One thing is for sure – we cannot continue the irresponsible habits we have now. We have to get out of the fossil fuel age for several reasons…more.
Two or three degrees more – does it really matter?
For the first time in human history, in 2013, the air that surrounds us on average contained 400 ppm (parts per million) CO2, and 475 ppm greenhouse gases. If we add the increased amount of water vapor due to global warming, we approach 500 ppm….more
Dismantle the oil age
For more than a hundred years, industrial and modern development has been dependent on fossil fuels. The oil age was given extra momentum after the oil crisis in 1972, and has given a country like Norway an economy people could not dream of 50 years ago. Unfortunately there are also many hidden costs and dangerous side effects. Continued use could threaten the existence of mankind….more
Winter is cold. Global warming canceled?
Global warming is a long-term trend of increasing global average temperature. We still have weather, which causes fluctuations around a rising trend line. Those who live in areas with distinct seasons are well aware of this. A new season brings a much faster change than global warming does. The principle is the same. In the spring, a cold front may cool the weather a week or two. But most people realize, however, that summer is coming. The cooling period is just a skip down for a while before we get back to a rising temperature after the trend line….more
Climate change in facts and figures
90 million barrels of oil every day. In addition roughly the same amount in coal and gas. We humans burn between 85 and 95 million barrels of oil every day. One barrel of oil equals 159 litres, roughly a full bathtub. This corresponds to 14 310 000 000 litres of oil every day…more
What if Norwegian oil economy is a bubble?
Two hundred and fifty thousand Norwegian jobs depend on oil . These jobs are expensive; require high skills and pressure salary levels in general. For small countries like Norway this many oil jobs might be a recipe for financial disaster. Norway might be heading for Dutch  disease  and “kuwaitisation” ....more
It’s just natural variation – isn’t it?
What happens now, is no climate variation, it is a real climate change. The solar forcing – the insolation – has not increased the last forty years. There is no special warming Milankovich effect like we had in the Holocen optimum some 5000-8000 years ago; there are no big non-eruptive volcanoes pumping greenhouse gases into the air. There is no other explanation for the present global warming than human activity…more
It’s the volcanoes – or is it?
One of the myths that the fossil fuel industry tries to maintain is that volcanic activity contributes to the greenhouse effect. The facts are that there is very little carbon present in magma….more
The “Climate change deceit” conspiracy theory and global warming
During the last forty years the Arab- American carbon barons; Western multibillionaires, Middle East petro tyrants and extreme islamists have lived high on oil profits. They invest massively in propaganda to delay political action and mislead the public….more
Out of fossil fuels now!
For the last two hundred years fossil fuels have been the basis for industrialization and development of our modern civilization. Fossil energy has been absolutely necessary to get us where we are today. However, our civilization must grow up...more.
Natural disasters – Acts of God or human culpability?
Act of God – force majeure An old legal term It is kind of interesting looking at legal history. The reasoning about culpability (guilt) goes back to Roman law, about 600 BC and then further developed during a thousand years. Early … Continue reading
Key figures on the global warming and climate change issue:
In the Copenhagen accord 167 countries agreed that to avoid reaching dangerous tipping points, global warming should not exceed 2 centigrades. Unfortunately, the two degree target is no guarantee against a runaway greenhouse effect. Some people think this goal is probably impossible to keep, and that it is a cover-up. The two-degree limit is more based on political negotiations than on science. The scientific majority prefers a less than one-degree rise in global average temperature to feel safer. Risking a one degree rise might be similar to playing russian roulette with one bullet in the magazine. A two degree rise might be equal to load it with two bullets. Another degree means a third bullet load. You point your russian roulette gun at your grandchildren. The likely outcome is “Hell and high water” in our childrens lifetime. The worst case scenario is the Venus syndrome.
- 565 Gigatons
Scientists have calculated that there is a reasonable hope to stay below 2°C by mid century if we limit our carbon emissions to a total of 565 more gigatons, or corresponding to less than 450 ppmv of greenhouse gases(GHG) in the atmosphere. (This is probably wildly optimistic. The atmospheric CO2 content is now over 390 ppmv, while the total concentration of atmospheric GHG is already over 470 ppmv).
- 2795 Gigatons
The amount of carbon contained in the proven oil, coal and gas reserves of fossil fuel companies – the fossil fuel we currently plan to burn – is 2795 gigatons. This is five times more than our “allowance”. (Source: Global warming’s terrifying new math)
- Unburnable carbon: wasted capital and stranded assets
- The unburnable carbon
- The Grantham institute on the climate and the environment
- 5% increase in atmospheric humidity per 1°C increase in global average temperature
Warmer oceans and air means increasing humidity in the air. Firstly, water vapor is the main GHG. More humidity is an enhancing feedback mechanism. Secondly, more water vapor in the air means heavier rainfalls and floodings (IPCC, 2007), (Extreme weather, 2012). Hansen, J. (2012) Climate change is happening now – a carbon tax must follow | Hansen (2013) Making Things Clearer: Exaggeration, Jumping the Gun, and The Venus Syndrome | Filipino super-typhoon an ominous warning of climate change impact (Guardian, Feb 2013) | Global warming accelerating
- 30% increase in radiative forcing since 1990
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Annual Greenhouse Gas Index, shows that from 1990 to 2011, radiative forcing by long-lived greenhouse gases increased by 30%, with CO2 accounting for about 80% of this increase (UN/Greeningtheblue, 2012) | (WMO, 2012: Greenhouse gas increase reaches new records) | (Dramatically warmer world this century, World Bank 2012) | UNEP (2012) the emission gap | NOAA (2012) Arctic report card | State of the climate report 2012 (NOAA, Jan 2013) | NASA Climate time machine | Hansen, Sato & Ruedy (2013) Global temperature update through 2012 | | The scary graph getting scarier (March 2013) | US scientists report big jump in CO2 (March 2013)
- 473 ppm GHG
Total radiative forcing of all long-lived greenhouse gases was the CO2 equivalent of 473 parts per million in 2011 (Greeningtheblue, 2012).
This leads to a clear long-term warming trend: Escalator: Average of GISS, NCDC, and HadCRUT4 monthly global surface temperature anomalies 1970-2011 | World Bank (2012): Our planet on path to four degrees warming | NASA Climate time machine | NASA climate | NASA (2012) reduced polar ice coverage | Ring, M, et al (2012) Causes of the global warming since the 19th century | National academies press (2012) seasonal and decadal predictions of Arctic sea ice | Climate change denials is just hot air | Global temperature | Five shots against global warming denialism | Climate risks have been underreported the last 20years | Get used to record-breaking heat (The Age (Aus) Jan 2013) | 2012 the hottest year since 1895 (ENS Jan 2013) If you aren’t alarmed about climate, you aren’t paying attention (GP Jan 2013) | Climate change is simple | Temperatures to rise six degrees in the Middle East (Guardian 2013) | Nicholas Stern: ‘I got it wrong on climate change – it’s far, far worse (Guardian, Jan 2013) | Secret funding helped build vast network of climate denial thinktanks (Guardian, Feb 2013) | The ATM for climate deniers | ‘Reality Drop,’ Climate Change Social Media Website Unveiled By Al Gore, To Take Down Deniers | Global warming predictions are accurate | Oceans warming up 700 m below surface | Misunderstanding Of Climate Change Concepts May Be Stalling Global Action | Antarctica Melting Brings Expanded Sea Ice Extent | When will the summer Arctic be ice free? | 99 One-Liners Rebutting Denier Talking Points | Climate change: evidence, impacts and choices (NRC)
- 90 million barrels of oil per day
Every day we burn a staggering 90 million barrels of oil and a corresponding amount of coal and gas. The production of CO2 as an inevitable result is over 35 billion tonnes of annual emissions of carbon dioxide added to our common atmosphere. This CO2 does not just vanish. Some of it is absorbed by vegetation and seas. Some of it remains in the atmosphere for decades or centuries.
This means that if we relate more to hard realities and less on illusions, most of the remaining oil will eventually be without value because:
- if we burn all the oil and coal, our climate- and ecosystems will pass catastrophic tipping points.
- the demand for expensive oil will go down when increasingly efficient energy sources like solar, wind, tidal and geothermic replace polluting fossil fuels.
- the political costs of continued channeling of rivers of petro-dollars to brutal, fundamentalist and corrupt regimes in the Middle East, the only place left with cheap, conventional oil, are far too high; for their own populations as well as for the rest of the world.
The richest there is
The 10 richest companies in the world, most of them oil companies, are all bigger economies than 180 countries. Arab-American oil company (Aramco) is assumed to be the world’s most valuable company, twice as wealthy as Exxon-Mobile and Apple. The combined wealth of Aramco and its partners (the gigantic oil companies from the oil cartel called “seven sisters“) is one of the biggest economies of the world, if not the biggest. The world’s 25 biggest oil companies (Forbes) | The World’s biggest oil companies (Forbes 2012). | Exxon reports record profits (CNN money2012)
Our daily oil
The current daily oil production is approximately 90 million barrels. The price per barrel is around USD 90-120. Source: International Energy Agency; Oil Market report. | Top oil producers and consumers. | 2006 figures oil production and export | US EIA oil statistics | OPEC statistics & projections | International Energy Agency (IEA)
Big oil, also called petroleum supermajors, exert an enormous political power worldwide.
Obviously these companies can and will do anything to keep the fossil fuel paradigm going as long as possible, and they have plenty of clout to obstruct the inevitable change for quite some time.
Why USA and Canada refuse to kick their fossil fuel addiction | Energy Independence for America Is a Worthy Goal — But It’s a Death Wish If We Do It with Oil & Gas (Nov 2012) | Bill Moyers & Naomi Klein: How Climate Change Is an Historic Opportunity for Progressives | The Kock bros denialist machine | How the Koch brothers screwed over the climate even more than you know | Droughts, floods, giant storm, the year in climate insanity (Dec 2012) | Koch Brothers Political Empire Holds Action on Climate Change Hostage | Are Our Emotions Preventing Us From Taking Action on Climate Change? (Jan 2013) | How we lost 20 years of climate change action | It’s time to accept the facts about climate change and move on (Scientific American 2013) | Delaying action on emissions will increase costs and reduce chances of limiting temperature increase (Nature 2013) | How the Right-Wing’s Infamous ALEC Is Attacking Renewable Energy Initiatives | The myth of human progress | How the Right’s War on Renewable Energy Could Doom Red States | A global movement for climate justice | Hansen, J. (2013) A fork in the road | The next big thing in energy: decentralisation | Why Are We Giving the Silent Treatment to the Crisis Which Could Make All Others Irrelevant? | The fossil fuel resistance | Climate change deniers | How the Fossil Fuel Industry is Subverting Democracy and Undermining Sustainable Development in America | Saudi Arabia blocks climate change from UN poverty goals
Most countries currently depend on oil, gas and coal as energy sources. More than 80% of the world’s energy is obtained from fossil fuels. The reasons are high energy density, abundance and until now relatively low costs. The problems can be divided in four categories:
1. Environmental pollution
Coal and oil contain many different chemicals and particles that may be hazardous to health, such as carbon particles, NOx, VOCs; and harm the environment, such as sulphur. Burning coal kills. Oil spills may have serious longterm toxicological effects
2. Non-renewable, limited resources
Fossil fuels are finite. Sooner or later the resources will run out. We use the cheap and easily available sources first. We get “hooked” and addicted. When the source peaks (about now), more expensive and less readily available sources will be exploited – and the products sold to a much higher retail price. The profits for persons controlling old and cheap oil-wells will be staggering.
3. Vulnerable logistics and volatile prices, uneven geographical distribution
The big reserves of cheap, conventional crude oil are concentrated in the Middle East, controlled by regimes or persons with agendas of their own. Extreme islam = petro-islam= “beduin”-islam = wahhabists and salafists. The most fanatic are apocalyptic mahdis, and like some extremist christians and jews they are looking forward to and promote the apocalypse. The one reason wahhabists and salafists are counted in millions rather than thousands is oil. Petro-islam to a large extent controls and instructs US big oil and their propaganda machinery. They instruct Rupert Murdochs media empire and Fox news. They increasingly buy western banks. Fossil fuel societies are vulnerable to delivery failure and wild price fluctuations. Fossil fuel societies depend on the good will of corpocratic groups like Big oil and petro-tyrants.
4. CO2 emissions and climate change
Climate scientists worldwide have documented the evidence of global warming in surface air, land and sea temperatures, the rise of sea level, reductions in glacier ice and snow coverage, increase in ocean heat content and ocean acidification: State of the climate report, NCDC/NOAA | CICERO | NASA | CRU | Royal society | IPCC | WMO | UNEP | Bjerknes centre | Munich re climate | UK met office & Hadley centre | Met office | EU – EEA | WRI | World Bank | TERI and many more. There is a massive scientific consensus: Global warming is happening now, and it is mainly manmade. | The scientific consensus on climate change (AAAS) | IEA statement on climate change (Dec 2012) | UNEP (2012) the emission gap | NOAA (2012) Arctic report card | Hansen, J. (2012) Climate change is happening now – a carbon tax must follow | West Antarctica warming twice as fast as previously believed (Dec 2012) |The carbon cycle (NASA) | China the biggest polluter | Understanding and attributing climate change (IPCC,2007) | 20th Century Temperatures the Hottest in 1400 Years | The limits of climate adaptation are social, not physical or economic
Run-away greenhouse effect
The global annual emissions of carbon dioxide are estimated to be more than 33-34 billion tonnes and increasing. With business as usual, global emissions are estimated to be over 50 billion tonnes 15 years from now. Some of this is absorbed by soil and vegetation. Some is absorbed by the oceans, causing serious acidification. Some of it remains in the atmosphere for decades or centuries, leading to accumulation of CO2 in the air. If the oceans continue to warm, the risk is that they reach saturation level and stop absorbing CO2, eventually start emitting CO2 back to the atmosphere. If this situation occurs, it might trigger an escalating, run-away greenhouse effect, an event associated with the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) that took place 55 million years ago. At that time 20000 years was needed for an increase of 6°C. According to the IPCC business as usual scenario, we shall only need 100 years this time.
It is the big, natural feedback mechanisms that are decisive for the scope of climate change. A warmer polar sea and melting permafrost entail the release of frozen methane, a very strong greenhouse gas, and triggers the ice-albedo feedback loop.
Climate change emergency medical response
Addiction and subsidies to the richest
The last 50 years the world’s richest people have developed a globalised economic system for channeling money to the petro-barons. Even though we know we behave like drug addicts – we continue a behaviour that is extremely costly and harmful to ourselves and others – we desperately cling to all kinds of over-simplifications, rationalizations, fabrications and myths to keep going on a destructive, unsustainable path. We are even forced to pay for our own destruction. Instead of massive subsidies to transform our societies to a sustainable one as quickly as possible, we pay the richest and most brutal people there are more taxpayers’ money in the form of subsidies than ever. Fossil fuel industries now are given more than USD 520 billion a year in addition to their current astronomical profits:
“Despite the growth in lowcarbon sources of energy, fossil fuels remain dominant in the global energy mix, supported by subsidies that amounted to $523 billion in 2011, up almost 30% on 2010 and six times more than subsidies to renewables. The cost of fossil-fuel subsidies has been driven up by higher oil prices; they remain most prevalent in the Middle East and North Africa, where momentum towards their reform appears to have been lost”
IEA (2012) World energy outlook.
Fossil Fuel and Renewable Energy Subsidies on the Rise
According to the Worldwatch institute the taxpayers’ support to the fossil fuel industry might be much higher:
“A recent projection places the total value of conventional global fossil fuel subsidies between $775 billion and more than $1 trillion in 2012, depending on which supports are included in the calculation.1 In contrast, total subsidies for renewable energy stood at $66 billion in 2010, although that was a 10 percent increase from the previous year”.
Energy efficiency can keep the door to 2 °C open for just a bit longer
“… the climate goal of limiting warming to 2 °C is becoming more difficult and more costly with each year that passes… almost four-fifths of the CO2 emissions allowable by 2035 are already locked-in by existing power plants, factories, buildings, etc. If action to reduce CO2 emissions is not taken before 2017, all the allowable CO2 emissions would be locked-in by energy infrastructure existing at that time. Rapid deployment of energy-efficient technologies –would postpone this complete lock-in to 2022, buying time to secure a much-needed global agreement to cut greenhouse-gas emissions.
No more than one-third of proven reserves of fossil fuels can be consumed prior to 2050 if the world is to achieve the 2 °C goal, unless carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology is widely deployed IEA (2012) World energy outlook. | Global investors call for action on serious climate danger | Nuclear and renewable energy facts | Wind, solar & storage could power full electric grid | Why Dirty Fossil Fuel Barons’ Power and Wealth May Be Reaching its Limits | Prevent catastrophic climate change with a clean energy revolution | Energy subsidy reform IMF 2013
Stored solar energy – the fossil fuels
Coal, oil and gas – the fossil fuels – are stored solar energy from a distant past. 400 million years ago, the sun was weaker, but there was much more CO2 in the air. Over hundreds of millions of years since then carbon has been absorbed by plants, trees, algae and animals, eventually ending up on the bottom of swamps, lakes or ocean floors – with time transforming into coal and oil. We are now all involved in the largest experiment ever: recreating the Jurassic climate on a global scale, by returning the naturally stored carbon back into the atmosphere – this time with a warmer sun.
What happens now, is no climate variation, it is a real climate change. The solar forcing – the insolation – has not increased the last forty years. There is no special warming Milankovich effect like we had in the Holocen optimum some 6000 years ago; there are no big non-eruptive volcanoes pumping greenhouse gases into the air. There is no other explanation for the present global warming than human activity. We can already observe how the Earth’s climate and with it the world’s ecosystems are changing at an accelerating pace.
The changes will most likely happen in steps and leaps and be uneven geographically, as they have been previously. Strong La Ninas in the Pacific will give cooler periods, El Ninos warmer periods. The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) will keep on having varying impact on the weather in the North East Atlantic area. A thicker “Asian brown haze” will reduce global warming for some time, less air pollution will enhance it. More atmospheric water vapor might entail seasonally slightly cooler weather in some regions, with more cloud formation and increasing precipitation. An increasingly open Arctic Ocean provides stronger polar high pressures, disrupts the jet streams, the global wind systems (graphics), hadley cells, the polar front and the climate zones boundaries. The solar insolation will also vary in cycles. But these variations are changes in weather. Climate change is change in average weather over 30 years or more. Arctic Sea Ice Maximum In 2013 Is Sixth Lowest On Record
A permanently damaged climate
As long as the increase is due to greenhouse gases only, the change will be fairly slow and predictable. When the big, natural feedback mechanisms are activated, the changes might take place rapidly. The long-term trend is clear – the average global temperature is currently rising on average by 0,2°C per decade. The changes are irreversible from a human perspective. The world as we knew it, is gone. We can only make more or less educated guesses at how the new world will look like, limit damages and adapt to it as best we can.
The new paradigm: renewable energy sources and sustainable development.
a. Renewable energy does not pollute air and water
b. Renewable energy is eternal
c. Renewable energy increases local resilience and robustness, keeps capital at local leves, decentralises logistics, increases innovation and local competence, stops capital accumulation in the wrong places, facilitates and enhances democratic processes.
d. Renewable energy prevents global warming and ensures a safer and prosperous future for future generations
- The fight between dirty energy dinosaurs and clean-tech mammals
- Why Dirty Fossil Fuel Barons’ Power and Wealth May Be Reaching its Limits
- Bloomberg: renewables set to triple by 2030
- Progress projected for renewable energy
- How we can prevent catastrophic climate change with a clean energy revolution.
Petro-addicts and petroholics
Petroholics will to their last sip tell the world they are fine, and that there is no danger ahead. Petro-addicts have no will of their own, just barely managing to arrange for their next petro-fix.
The risk of choosing the fossil fuel paradigm option (or business as usual) as long as possible is that you might be perceived as being accessory to or partly responsible for the permanent establishment of a depleted, polluted and impoverished world with enormous wealth accumulated by a few thousand multibillionaire tyrants combined with increasing poverty for the majority, or worse: in addition stealing the future from our children and grandchildren.
The risk of choosing the sustainable development paradigm is having to pay some extra money for a much better and safer future for all. We are all more or less petro-holics. The sooner we start weaning ourselves off the habit, the better. The choice is yours – and many factors indicate you have to choose now.
We should have started transforming our society forty years ago. The longer we wait, the more expensive it will be. We have known what to do for decades. Margareth Thatcher on global warming 1990
If you want to read a free e-book on these issues, click here:
The Maldive islands are threatened by global warming and rising sea levels
(Photo: Åke Bjørke)
The Maldives and other low-lying small islands may serve as warning “canaries in the coalmine” in our global experiment with the greenhouse effect.
EU-EEA report on climate change and impacts 2012 | Skeptical science: The escalator | The NOAA greenhouse gas index | Scientists urge fossil fuel moratorium now | IEA world energy outlook | World Meteorological Organisation: Greenhouse gas concentrations reach new record | World Bank: Dramatically warmer this century | UNEP: bridge the emission gap | NASA: climate | PriceWaterHouseCooper (2012) Low Carbon Economy Index – planning for a warmer world | Scientific American (2012) Polar ice melting accelerates, so is sea level rise | Less Arctic ice – less sunlight reflected back – less Arctic ice | Arctic report card Dec 2012 | Hansen, J. (2012) Climate change is happening now – a carbon tax must follow | James Hansen: updating the climate science
Global warming’s terrifying new math | Greenland’s ice sheet is getting darker | Unprecedented Greenland ice-sheet melt (NASA July 2012) | NASA research connects extreme weather with global warming (Aug 2012) | National snow and Ice Data Centre | Arctic methane release | NOAA/NCDC State of the climate report Autumn 2012 | Sea level rise – this is not cool | Sea level rise (Scientific American) | Sea level rise (Environmental research) | Effects of climate change increase risk of storm’s impact (Boston Globe, Oct 2012) | Global warming systematically caused Sandy | Is Sandy the new normal? | Bad news about glaciers and sea level rise (Nov 2012) | Rogue ice islands in the Arctic (Dec 2012) | 3 terrifying things about the earth we are in denial about (Nov 2012) | Climate change action: every year counts (Nov 2012) | More ice loss in the Antarctic through increased snow fall | Five reasons our changing climate is more dangerous than you think (Alternet Dec 2012) | How severe weather impacts on food prices (Reuter, Dec 2012) Soot’s role in climate change underestimated (BBC, jan 2013) | Moderate climate warming could melt permafrost (Science news, Feb 2013) Surf’s way up. Sea level rise explained (2013) | The scary hidden stressor: the Arab spring and climate change (NYT March 2013) | Climate change threatens food security of urban poor | Urban poverty, food security and climate change
IPCC 2007: The long term perspective | Observed changes in climate | Projections of future changes | Understanding climate change | How are temperatures on Earth changing? | Global average temperature | The greenhouse effect | Human and natural drivers of climate change | Adaptation or mitigation | How do human activity contribute to climate change and how do they compare with natural influences? | Climate change in earlier times – paleoclimate | Global warming potential
Global warming – what you need to know (Discovery channel)
Metoffice blog – warming the last decade (Oct 2012)
Global warming causes more hurricanes (Independent, Oct 2012)
Time- lapse proof of extreme ice loss (TED lecture 2009)
Old news for carbon dioxide, new threats for climate change (Nature blog April 2012)
Extreme weather of last decade part of larger pattern linked to global warming (Science Daily, March 2012)
Satellites trace sea level change (BBC 2012)
Fracking, coal and nukes wreak havoc on fresh water supplies (Alternet August 2012)
See an easy-to understand video:
There is no tomorrow | Catastrophic Climate Change & Runaway Global Warming
Global warming videos | Earth day must see videos | The melting glaciers | Climate change speeding up water cycle | Arctic sea ice, climate change, oil and trade | Arctic ice gone by 2020? | Glaciers calving
Shrinking Arctic ice linked to record dumps of snow | Arctic sea ice loss linked to colder, drier winters in the UK | Arctic Sea ice at record low (New York Times, August 2012) | Global warming could make washout UK summers the norm (Guardian, Oct 2012)
Gigantic Antarctic crack mapped for the first time (CanberraTimes March 2012)
Desmogblog – Clearing the PR pollution that clouds climate science
Phasing out fossil fuel subsidies ‘could provide half of global carbon target’ | Why do we pay energy giants to wreck the Earth? | Exxon Mobile CEO against people who care about the planet | End fossil fuel subsidies | Top two oil companies make USD 160000 per minute and hardly pay tax | 3 ways climate fights are won at local levels | What happens when the Kyoto protocol expires?
Climate change ruined the summer of 2012 (KSL.com, September 2012)
Sustainable energy for all (UN) (February 2012)
Solar power’s next shining (McKinsey april 2012)
Everything you need to know about climate change (Guardian, March 2012)
What is the cost of climate change to our oceans? (Guardian, March 2012)
The world is coming close to a tipping point (Economic times, March 2012)
US oil and gas put a squeeze on alternative energy (Oil and energy investor 2012)
Cooling the planet, clearing the air: climate policy, carbon pricing and co-benefits (Economics for equity and environment, 2012)
A tour of the new geopolitics of global warming. Climate change is already shaping conflicts around the world–and not for the better (Scientific American, April 2012)
Aviation Environment Federation (AEF) Aviation and climate change